Deoria Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 80 Lok Sabha constituencies in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It comprises 5 assembly constituencies and two districts.
Designated as a General Constituency.
During the 2014 elections, the total number of electors was 18,06,926 and the turnout stood at 53.77%, in real numbers- 9,71,557 voters. 2019 witnessed a turnout increase; out of the 17,51,752 electors, 57.96% of voters exercised their constitutional rights. In real numbers- 10,15,363 voters.
Representation and Results
2019’s parliamentary election winner, BJP’s Ramapati Ram Tripathi gained a vote share of 57.20% and defeated BSP’s Binod Kumar Jaiswal whose vote share stood at 32.60%. The other prominent candidates in the fray were INC’s Niyaz Ahmed with 5.00% of vote share and BAEP’s Israr Ahamad with 0.80%.
Voting History –2014 & 2019
In 2014, BJP won the constituency and earned 4,96,500 votes followed by 5,80,644 votes in the 2019 election victory. On the other hand, BSP garnered 2,31,114 votes in 2014 and 3,30,713 votes in the 2019 elections. INC got 37,752 votes in 2014 and 51,056 votes in 2019.
Parties at helm through the years
The Deoria constituency has been represented by a number of different parties over the years.
In 1957, the party represented was the PSP. In 1962, the INC (Indian National Congress) held the reins. The INC continued its dominance in 1967 and 1971. The JP (Janata Party) emerged victorious in 1977, followed by the INC’s return in 1980 and 1984. The JD (Janata Dal) took charge in 1989 and maintained its presence in 1991.
The BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party) secured victory in 1996 and 1999, while the SP (Samajwadi Party) claimed power in 1998 and 2004. In 2009, the BSP (Bahujan Samaj Party) gained prominence, and in 2014 and 2019, the BJP emerged as the ruling party.
Party-wise success rate
In terms of the success rate in securing the Deoria Lok Sabha seat, INC had exhibited the highest rate of success over the years, standing at 31% followed by BJP with 25%. Among other prominent parties, SP and JD enjoyed a success rate of 13% each.
Gender Wise Distribution of Contestants
During the 2009 elections, there were 12 contestants and 11 of them were male and 1 was female, in percentage- 92% and & 8%. In 2014, the total number of contestants increased to 15, out of which 14 were male and 1 was third gender candidate, in percentage- 93% and 7%.
In 2019, on the other hand, the total number of contestants decreased to 11 and all of them were males.
Gender wise voter turnout
In 2009, out of a total of 15,79,883 electors, 7,17,561 voters cast their ballots. Of the 8,59,661 male electors, 3,87,305 participated in the election, constituting a turnout rate of 45%. There were 7,20,222 female electors and of that, 3,30,256 chose to vote with a turnout rate of 46%.
In 2014, there are 18,06,926 people who are eligible to vote and 9,71,557 of them chose to exercise their right to vote. Out of these, 9,97,314 were male electors and 8,09,612 were female electors. 51% of male electors (5,08,610) and 57% of female electors (4,62,947) cast their ballots.
The total count of electors in 2019 was 17,54,195 out of which 10,08,896 chose to cast their ballot in the parliamentary elections. Out of 9,57,453 male electors, only 53% voted which is 5,06,109 male voters in real numbers. On the other hand, the voter turnout for females stood at 63% which translates to 5,02,783 voters out of a total of 7,96,646 female electors in real number.
In 2017, transgender people were included as a separate category of the third gender in electoral rolls. There were 96 electors belonging to the third gender category in the parliamentary constituency during the 2019 elections. And 4 of them exercised the newly granted constitutional right to vote and thus their turnout stood at 4%.
Gender-Wise Literacy Rate
We are taking a peek at the gender-wise literacy rate of the Deoria district and Kushinagar district which are part of the Deoria parliamentary constituency as literacy is considered an essential indicator of the socioeconomic development of the region.
The 2011 census of India has pegged the overall literacy rate of the district at 60%. Gender-wise, the male literacy rate in the district is 70% whereas, for females, the literacy rate stands at 51%.
The overall literacy rate of the district is 55%. However, when it comes to gender, the literacy rate for males in the district stands at 65% while the female literacy rate is 44%.
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Data Source – Meradesh.org