Parliamentary Constituency Watch: Fatehgarh Sahib 

Fatehgarh Sahib Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 13 Lok Sabha constituencies in the Indian state of Punjab. It comprises 9 assembly constituencies and 3 districts.   


Designated as a Scheduled Caste Constituency.    

Voter Turnout   

Fatehgarh Sahib Electoral Turnout Rates

During the 2014 elections, the total number of electors was 13,96,957 and the turnout stood at 73.80%, in real numbers- 10,30,954 voters. 2019 witnessed a turnout decrease; out of the 15,02,861 electors, 65.60% of voters exercised their constitutional rights. In real numbers- 9,85,948 voters.   

Representation and Results    

Party Wise Vote Share

2019’s parliamentary election winner, INC’s Amar Singh gained a vote share of 41.80% and defeated BJP’s Darbara Singh Guru whose vote share stood at 32.20%. The other prominent candidates in the fray were LIP’s Manwinder Singh Giaspura with 14.40% of vote share and AAAP’s Bandeep Singh with 6.40%.     

Voting History –2014 & 2019   

  Party Wise Shift in Votes  

In 2014, AAAP won the constituency and earned 3,67,293 votes followed by 62,881 votes in the 2019 election victory. On the other hand, INC garnered 3,13,149 votes in 2014 and 4,11,651 votes in the 2019 elections. BSP received 3,12,815 votes in 2014 which substantially decreased to 3,17,753 votes in the 2019 elections. 

Parties at helm through the years  

 This constituency came into existence as a part of the implementation of the delimitation of parliamentary and assembly constituencies in 2008. It has been represented by different parties over the years.  

Timeline of Winning Parties

In 2009, the Indian National Congress (INC) emerged victorious, securing power. In the 2014 elections, the AAAP gained success and formed the government. However, in 2019, the INC made a comeback, reclaiming power once again. 

 Party-wise success rate  

 Success Rate

In terms of the success rate in securing the Fatehgarh Sahib Lok Sabha seat, INC had exhibited the highest rate of success in the elections held since 2009, standing at 67% followed by AAAP at 33%. 

Gender Wise Distribution of Contestants 

During the 2009 elections, there were 11 contestants, and all were males. The next elections in 2014 saw an increase in contestant participation to 15 but like prior elections, the participation limited to males only.   

Gender Wise Distribution of Candidates

In 2019, the total number of contestants further increased to 20 whereby 19 were males and 1 female, in percentage that is 95% and 5% respectively. 

Gender wise voter turnout 

In 2009, out of a total of 12,04,509 electors, 8,38,139 voters cast their ballots. Of the 6,32,165 male electors, 4,47,501 participated in the election, constituting a turnout rate of 71%. There were 5,72,344 female electors and of that, 3,90,638 chose to vote with a turnout rate of 68%.  

In 2014, there are 13,96,957 people who are eligible to vote and 10,30,954 of them chose to exercise their right to vote. Out of these, 7,40,390 were male electors and 6,56,567 were female electors. 74% of male electors (5,51,251) and 73% of female electors (4,79,703) cast their ballots.  

 Gender Wise Voter Turnout 

The total count of electors in 2019 was 15,02,861 out of which 9,83,486 chose to cast their ballot in the parliamentary elections. Out of 7,99,731 male electors, only 67% voted which is 5,34,375 male voters in real numbers. On the other hand, the voter turnout for females stood at 64% which translates to 4,49,101 voters out of a total of 7,03,099 female electors in real number.     

In 2017, transgender people were included as a separate category of the third gender in electoral rolls. There were 31 electors belonging to the third gender category in the parliamentary constituency during the 2019 elections. And 10 of them exercised their newly granted constitutional right to vote and thus their turnout stood at 32%. 

Gender-Wise Literacy Rate 

We are taking a peek at the gender-wise literacy rate of the Fatehgarh Sahib, Malerkotla and Ludhiana districts which are part of the Fatehgarh Sahib parliamentary constituency as literacy is considered an essential indicator of the socioeconomic development of the region.  

Fatehgarh Sahib District 

The 2011 census of India has pegged the overall literacy rate of the Fatehgarh Sahib district at 71%. Gender-wise, the male literacy rate in the district is 74% whereas, for females, the literacy rate stands at 67%. 

Gender Wise Literacy Rate

Malerkotla District 

The overall literacy rate of the district is 65%. However, when it comes to gender, the literacy rate for males in the district stands at 69% while the female literacy rate is 60%.     

Ludhiana District 

 The district boasts an overall literacy rate of 73% with healthy representation by both males and females at 76% and 69% respectively. 

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