Parliamentary Constituency Watch: Etah 


Etah Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 80 Lok Sabha constituencies in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It comprises 5 assembly constituencies and 2 districts.  


Designated as a General Constituency.    

Voter Turnout

 Etah Electoral Turnout Rates

During the 2014 elections, the total number of electors was 15,77,457 and the turnout stood at 58.72%, in real numbers- 9,26,281 voters. 2019 witnessed a turnout increase; out of the 15,87,949 electors, 62.95% of voters exercised their constitutional rights. In real numbers- 9,99,607 voters.   

Representation and Results    

Party Wise Vote Share

2019’s parliamentary election winner, BJP’s Rajveer Singh gained a vote share of 54.60% and defeated SP’s Kumar Devendra Singh Yadav whose vote share stood at 42.30%. The other prominent candidates in the fray were independent candidate Hari Om with 0.60% of vote share.  

Voting History –2014 & 2019   

 Party Wise Shift in Votes

In 2014, BJP won the constituency and earned 4,74,978 votes followed by 5,45,348 votes in the 2019 election victory. On the other hand, SP garnered 2,73,977 votes in 2014 and 4,22,678 votes in the 2019 elections.    

Parties at helm through the years  

 The Etah constituency has been represented by a number of different parties over the years.  

In 1952, the Indian National Congress (INC) was in control, followed by the All Bengal Hindu Mahasabha (ABHM) in 1957 and 1962. The INC regained power in 1967 and held it again in 1971. However, in 1977, the Janata Party (JP) took over. The INC returned to power in 1980, but the political landscape saw a shift with the emergence of the Lok Dal (LD) in 1984. 

 Timeline of Winning Parties

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) gained prominence, winning elections in 1989, 1991, 1996, and 1998. The Samajwadi Party (SP) held power in 1999 and 2004, while the Janata Kranti Party (JKP) led in 2009. The BJP claimed victory in 2014 and followed it up with another win in 2019, cementing its position as a major political force. 

 Party-wise success rate  

Success Rate

In terms of the success rate in securing the Etah Lok Sabha seat, both BJP and the INC had exhibited the highest rate of success over the years, standing at 35% and 24% respectively. Among other prominent parties, SP enjoyed a success rate of 12%.


Gender Wise Distribution of Contestants 

Gender Wise Distribution of Candidates

During the 2009 elections, there were 19 contestants and 17 of them were male and 2 females, in percentage- 89% and & 11%. In 2014, the total number of contestants decreased to 11, out of which 10 were male and 1 was female, in percentage- 91% and 9%.   

In 2019, on the other hand, the total number of contestants were increased to 14 whereby 13 were males and 1 female, in percentage that is 93% and 7% respectively. 

Gender wise voter turnout 

In 2009, out of a total of 12,75,790 electors, 5,68,011 voters cast their ballots. Of the 7,06,892 male electors, 3,50,268 participated in the election, constituting a turnout rate of 50%. There were 5,68,898 female electors and of that, 2,17,743 chose to vote with a turnout rate of 38%.  

In 2014, there are 17,61,415 people who are eligible to vote and 9,35,027 of them chose to exercise their right to vote. Out of these, 9,61,957 were male electors and 7,99,458 were female electors. 51% of male electors (4,90,141) and 56% of female electors (4,44,886) cast their ballots.  

 Gender Wise Voter Turnout

The total count of electors in 2019 was 16,21,295 out of which 9,97,853 chose to cast their ballot in the parliamentary elections. Out of 8,78,827 male electors, only 61% voted which is 5,36,075 male voters in real numbers. On the other hand, the voter turnout for females stood at 62% which translates to 4,61,773 voters out of a total of 7,42,422 female electors in real number.     

In 2017, transgender people were included as a separate category of the third gender in electoral rolls. There were 46 electors belonging to the third gender category in the parliamentary constituency during the 2019 elections. And 5 of them exercised their newly granted constitutional right to vote and thus their turnout stood at 11%. 

Gender-Wise Literacy Rate 

We are taking a peek at the gender-wise literacy rate of the Etah and Kasganj (Kanshiram) districts which are part of the Etah parliamentary constituency as literacy is considered an essential indicator of the socioeconomic development of the region.  

Etah District 

The 2011 census of India has pegged the overall literacy rate of the Etah district at 59%. Gender-wise, the male literacy rate in the district is 68% whereas, for females, the literacy rate stands at 49%. 

Gender Wise Literacy Rate

Kasganj (Kanshiram Nagar) District 

The overall literacy rate of the district is 50%. However, when it comes to gender, the literacy rate for males in the district stands at 59% while the female literacy rate is 40%.     

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